The holder of a Commercial Pilot License may, by day or night, provide a commercial air service acting as pilot-in-command of an aeroplane with a minimum flight crew of one pilot, or co-pilot of the aeroplane, of a class and type in respect of which the license is endorsed with ratings. If qualified as a flight instructor, the holder of a Commercial Pilot License may provide flight instruction. The holder of a Commercial Pilot License may also exercise the privileges of the Private Pilot License, and VFR Over the Top Rating.


The minimum Transport Canada requirements to hold the Commercial Pilot License are as follows:


Minimum of eighteen years of age.

Medical Fitness

Category 1 Medical Certificate valid for a Commercial Pilot License – Aeroplane.


  • Minimum of 80 hours commercial pilot aeroplane ground school instruction including at least the following subjects:
    • Canadian Aviation Regulations;
    • Aerodynamics and theory of flight;
    • Meteorology;
    • Airframes, engines and systems;
    • Flight instruments;
    • Radio and electronic theory;
    • Navigation;
    • Flight operations;
    • Licensing requirements; and
    • Human factors including pilot decision-making
  • Minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subjects areas as well as in the overall written examination Commercial Pilot License — Aeroplane (CPAER)
    • Air Law;
    • Navigation;
    • Meteorology; and
    • Aeronautics – General Knowledge


  • Minimum of 200 hours flight time in aeroplanes, of which a minimum of 100 hours shall be pilot-in-command time including 20 hours cross-country pilot-in-command flight time, and
  • Following the issuance of a private pilot license — aeroplane by Canada or another contracting state, have completed 65 hours of commercial pilot flight training in aeroplanes consisting of a minimum of:
    • 35 hours dual instruction flight time, under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating — Aeroplane, including:
      • 5 hours night, including a minimum of 2 hours of cross-country flight time;
      • 5 hours cross-country
      • 20 hours of instrument flight time. A maximum 10 hours of the 20 hours may be conducted on an approved aeroplane simulator or synthetic flight training device
    • 30 hours solo flight time including:
      • 25 hours solo flight time emphasizing the improvement of general flying skills of the applicant which shall include a cross-country flight to a point of a minimum of 300 nautical mile radius from the point of departure and shall include a minimum of 3 landings at points other than that of departure; and
      • 5 hours solo flight time by night during which a minimum of 10 takeoffs, circuits and landings were completed


Successfully complete a flight test.