The holder of a Private Pilot License may act as pilot-in-command of a single engine, non-high performance land aeroplane under conditions of day visual flight rules (you must be within visual reference of the ground). You may carry as many passengers as the seating capacity of the aircraft allows. You can also add additional endorsements and ratings to the Private Pilot License.


The minimum Transport Canada requirements to hold the Private Pilot License are as follows:


Minimum of seventeen years of age

Medical Fitness

Category 3 Medical Certificate valid for a Private Pilot License – Aeroplane


  • Completed a minimum of 40 hours private pilot aeroplane ground school instruction on the following subjects:
    • Canadian Aviation Regulations;
    • Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight;
    • Meteorology;
    • Airframes, Engines and Systems;
    • Flight Instruments;
    • Radio and Electronic Theory;
    • Navigation;
    • Flight Operations;
    • Licensing Requirements; and
    • Human Factors, including pilot decision-making.
  • 60% in each of the following four mandatory areas, as well as in the overall written examination Private Pilot License – Aeroplane (PPAER):
    • Air Law;
    • Navigation;
    • Meteorology;
    • Aeronautics – General Knowledge;


Minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training, of which a maximum of 5 may be conducted in an approved flight training device, consisting of a minimum of:

  • 17 hours dual flight instruction time, including a minimum 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and
  • 12 hours solo flight time, including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 150 nautical miles which shall include 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure


Successfully complete a flight test.